Reading list

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Preparatory reading

Compulsory

This report aims to motivate city officials and their technical teams, urban planners and related professionals to view food as central to a truly systemic approach, and to contribute to the understanding of the different factors involved in the inclusion of food in all urban planning efforts. The book presents cases and examples from all over the world. The introduction highlights serious challenges that planners need to address. We advise to read Chapter 1 Food and urban planning The missing link, page 18 - 32.

Background information

FAO THE STATE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE 2023: Revealing the true cost of food to transform agrifood systems site

Hungry Cities by Carolyn Steel video

If you want to get familiar with methods for collaborative goal setting, participatory learning, and research you can review the following.

The nominal group technique approach is a method for collaborative working on ideas and proposals

PALAR methodology - the method for participatory learning and research

Living Lab approach - how to work together with various groups of participants from communities, academia, civil society, and public authorities.

Short PowerPoint explaining the Nominal Group Technique, a method for collaborative goal setting, defining values for groups, collaborative action planning.

Reading for phase 1

Compulsory reading

Tornaghi, Chiara. (2016). Urban Agriculture in the Food‐Disabling City: (Re)defining Urban Food Justice, Reimagining a Politics of Empowerment. Antipode. 49. 10.1111/anti.12291.


Deh-Tor, C.M. 2021. Food as an urban question, and the foundations of a reproductive, agroecological, urbanism, Chapter 1 in: Tornaghi, Ch. and Dehaene, M. 2021. Resourcing an Agroecological Urbanism: Political, Transformational and Territorial Dimensions.


IPES-Food, 2021. A long food movement.

Background reading

Longer presentation on PALAR with criteria and activities.

Triboi, R. 2022 AESOP4FOOD presentation on Living Labs.

Nasr, J.and M. Potteiger. Spaces, Systems, and Infrastructures: From Founding Visions to Emerging Approaches for the Productive Urban Landscape

FAO. 2019. FAO framework for the Urban Food Agenda. Rome. https://doi.org/10.4060/ca3151en

IDS & IPES-Food, 2022. Agroecology, regenerative agriculture, and nature-based solutions: Competing framings of food system sustainability in global policy and funding spaces.

University of California, Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. What Is a Community Food System? Community Food Systems. Defining Community Food Systems.

Website with the building blocks of an Agroecological Urbanism.

Reading for phase 2

Compulsory reading

FAO Report: "Integrating food into urban planning“ page 264 – 275 (Food asset mapping in Toronto and Greater Golden Horseshoe region, by Lauren Baker).

Recommended and Background reading

Recommended befored March 14, 2024: SI Planning Food System Transitions: Urban Agriculture & Regional Food Systems (wiley.com)


Further reading:

Bortoletti, M., and J. Lomax. "Collaborative framework for food systems transformation." A multistakeholder pathway for sustainable food systems. UN environment. ISBN (2019): 978-92.

Corcoran, M. P. 2021. Beyond ‘food apartheid’: Civil society and the politicization of hunger in New Haven, Connecticut. In: Urban Agric Region Food Syst. 2021;6:e20013. https://doi.org/10.1002/uar2.20013

Countryside Charity (CPRE – UK) https://www.cpre.org.uk/resources/mapping-local-food-webs-toolkit-2/ - just read the 7 pages that explain the toolkit.

FAO (2019),TOOL FOR AGROECOLOGY PERFORMANCE EVALUATION PROCESS OF DEVELOPMENT AND GUIDELINES FOR APPLICATION. Chapter 3.

FAO. (2018) City Region Food System Toolkit, Assessing and planning sustainable city region food systems, publication of FAO, RUAF and Wilfrid Laurier University. http://www.fao.org/in-action/food-for-cities-programme/toolkit/introduction/en/ - please read the introduction (page 1-3) and go over the questions and schemes of page nrs 133 until 144 (please note these are the pages in the pdf 138-149).

Vaarst, Mette, Arthur Getz Escudero, M. Jahi Chappell, Catherine Brinkley, Ravic Nijbroek, Nilson A.M. Arraes, Lise Andreasen, Andreas Gattinger, Gustavo Fonseca De Almeida, Deborah Bossio & Niels Halberg (2018) Exploring the concept of agroecological food systems in a city-region context, Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 42:6, 686-711, DOI: 10.1080/21683565.2017.1365321

Viljoen, A. and Bohn, K. (eds) (2014) Second Nature Urban Agriculture: Designing productive cities, Routledge: London and New York.

Viljoen, A., Bohn, K. and Howe, J. (eds and co-authors) (2005) CPULs Continuous Productive Urban Landscapes: Designing Urban Agriculture for sustainable cities, Oxford: Architectural Press.

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. (2011) Community-Based Food System Assessment and Planning - Facilitator’s Guidebook, publication 3108-9029.- please read the introduction and then continue until page 18.

Wiskerke, Johannes SC. "On places lost and places regained: Reflections on the alternative food geography and sustainable regional development." International planning studies 14.4 (2009): 369-387.

Reading for phase 3

Compulsory reading

FAO/RUAF – A Vision for City Region Food Systems – Building Sustainable and Resilient City Regions.


website of FAO on City Regions Food Systems

Recommended reading

UN Habitat, 2012: Visioning as a Participatory Planning Tool https://issuu.com/unhabitat/docs/visioning_as_participatory_planning_tool

Arnstein, Sherry R. 1969. ʺA Ladder of Citizen Participationʺ, Journal of American Institute of Planners, n°35/4.

Cohen, N., R.T. Ilieva, « Expanding the boundaries of food policy: The turn to equity in New York City », Food Policy, vol. 103, 2021.

Cabannes, Y. and Marocchino, C. (eds). 2018. Integrating Food into Urban Planning. London, UCL Press; Rome, FAO. https://doi.org/10.14324/111. 9781787353763

IPES-Food, « What makes urban food policy happen – Insights from five case studies », June 2017.

Background reading

Alessandra Manganelli (2020): Realising local food policies: a comparison between Toronto and the Brussels-Capital Region’s stories through the lenses of reflexivity and colearning, Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning

Van de Griend, J., Duncan, J., & Wiskerke, J. (2019). How Civil Servants Frame Participation: Balancing Municipal Responsibility With Citizen Initiative in Ede’s Food Policy. Politics and Governance, 7(4), 59-67

Candel, Jeroen J.L. (2019): What’s on the menu? A global assessment of MUFPP signatory cities’ food strategies, Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems

Sonnino, R. Tegoni, C. De Cunto, A. , (2019) The challenge of systemic food change: Insights from cities, Cities, Vol. 85, pp. 110-116

Landert, J.; Schader, C.; Moschitz, H.; Stolze, M. A Holistic Sustainability Assessment Method for Urban Food System Governance. Sustainability 2017, 9, 490

RUAF, Urban Agriculture Magazin no. 36, Food Policy Councils.

Reading for phase 4

Mette Vaarst, Arthur Getz Escudero, M. Jahi Chappell, Catherine Brinkley, Ravic Nijbroek, Nilson A.M. Arraes, Lise Andreasen, Andreas Gattinger, Gustavo Fonseca De Almeida, Deborah Bossio & Niels Halberg (2018) Exploring the concept of agroecological food systems in a city-region context, Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 42:6, 686-711

Compulsory reading

Scoones et al. (2015) The politics of Green Transformation (Chapter 1). Oxon/New York: Routledge. Only Chapter 1 is compulsory reading: page 1 - 24.

Wissmann, A et.al, The Policy Environment for Sustainable City Region Food Systems, 2022.

Background reading

Reference on prototyping on Publicatie Open Ruimte Platform This booklet in Dutch refers to strategy and prototyping, it presents 10 years of work within the ‘open space platform’ in Flandres. The publication is in Dutch but is visually appealing. Some of the prototyping methodologies have also been tested in the context of the Brabantstad Atelier of the Rotterdam Biennale. This publication is available in English.


Mette Vaarst, Arthur Getz Escudero, M. Jahi Chappell, Catherine Brinkley, Ravic Nijbroek, Nilson A.M. Arraes, Lise Andreasen, Andreas Gattinger, Gustavo Fonseca De Almeida, Deborah Bossio & Niels Halberg (2018) Exploring the concept of agroecological food systems in a city-region context, Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 42:6, 686-711


This is the online exhibition and resource curated by Sebastien Marot. It consists of 42 panels arranged in 6 thematic lines of thinking. They compose an ideology, i.e. a jurisprudence of ideas, moments and figures which one might bear in mind when considering the nexus of agriculture and architecture, and its evolution.

David Holmgren’s text “Descent scenarios” chapter 4 of Future Scenario (2008)

Reading for phase 5

Compulsory reading

UNICEF (2005) Useful Tools for Engaging Young People in Participatory Evaluation. UNICEF CEE/CIS Regional Office.

Background reading

The website on better evaluation presents a toolkit for collaborative evaluation, with methods and phases for monitoring and evaluation.

The Rainbow Framework can help you plan an M&E activity by prompting you to think about each of these tasks in turn, and select a combination of methods and processes that cover all tasks involved. You might also choose an approach, which is a pre-packaged combination of methods.

The range of tasks are organised into seven colour-coded clusters that aim to make it easy for you to find what you need: Manage, Define, Frame, Describe, Understand Causes, Synthesise, and Report & Support Use.